A/G ratio, Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin.
Albumin, One of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition.
ALT(SGPT), An enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
Amylase, an enzyme that helps digest carbohydrates. It is produced mainly in the pancreas and the glands that make saliva. When the pancreas is diseased or inflamed, amylase releases into the blood.
AST(SGOT), An enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
B/C ratio, Ratio calculated by dividing the BUN by the Creatinine.
BUN (blood urea nitrogen), Another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys. BUN is an indicator of kidney function.
Glucose, Blood sugar level, the most direct single test to uncover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
Calcium, A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting.
Chloride, Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance.
Cholesterol, A sterol in the blood. Knowing your cholesterol may be as important as knowing your blood pressure. Elevated cholesterol is associated with an increasing risk of coronary heart disease.
CO2, Ordered as part of an electrolyte panel. The electrolyte panel is used to detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
Creatinine, An indicator of kidney function.
Direct Bilirubin, Direct bilirubin dissolves in water (it is soluble) and is made by the liver from indirect bilirubin.
Osmolality, a measure of the concentration of substances such as sodium, chloride, potassium, urea, glucose, and other ions in blood.
Phosphorus, Together with calcium, it is essential for healthy development of bones and teeth. Associated with hormone imbalance, bone disease and kidney disease. It is found mainly in bones and teeth. NOTE: a temporary drop in phosphorus level can be seen after a meal.
Potassium, Helps to control the nerves and muscles.
Sodium, One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
Total Bilirubin, A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
Total Protein, Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body.
Note: For Explanations of Abbreviations, Tests, Profiles, and Panels, see: Chemistry Profiles/Panels, Abbreviations & Definitions
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